The Scientific Innovations of the Green Revolution

An Introduction to the Scientific Innovations of the Green Revolution

The start of the Green Revolution can be attributed to scientist Norman Borlaug, who developed several new technological innovations that were key to the success and growth of the Green Revolution. Starting in the 1940s, the idea of the Green Revolution and its ability to cure worldwide famine became an instant sensation that spread from nation to nation. As this idea grew, so did the creation of new agricultural techniques. This section focuses on the technologies of the Green Revoltuion, including use of controlled irrigation, organic fertilizers, tougher and more resistant pesticides, and high-yielding genetically altered seeds. However, with every new technological breakthrough comes both positive and negative consequences. In this section, the discussion of the controversial use of pesticides is introduced. Though pesticides have been proven to thwart pest and disease damage that occur during vast crop production, it also produces various toxins that affect the environment, the ecosystem, and surrounding organisms. As a result of such controversy, genetically modified foods have been required to pass specific food and health requirements before they can be introduced to the public for consumption. Current challenges that lie in the field of future agricultural advancements involve the development and assessment of biofortified variations of certain food products, such as rice.

Contributing Articles:

An In-depth Introduction to Green Revolution Technologies by Rajan Kundra

Consequences of Genetically Modified Crops on the Environemnt by Haran Cha

The Impact of Pesticides on Humans by Elizabeth Young

The Haber Process and the Green Revolution by Garrett Smith

The Breeder’s Dilemna and the Future of Biofortification: A Case Study of Golden Rice by Mackenzie Sweeney